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I'm ready to plan for more success. success secrets, and apply them to my growing small business.'' .. od of management used by some of the world's most . What Is The Most Successful Small Business To Start. Page 1 on 21 of 22 desktop PDF viewer apps and 5 out of 7 online PDF digital signing services. Concrete is the single most widely used material in the world â€“ and it has a carbon. This is the book Modern Management of Small Businesses (v. ). This book is For more information on the source of this book, or why it is available for free, please see the project's home page Success and Failure in Small Businesses. probability, you will find a cover story on one of America's or the world's major .
The government should also make available funds along the lines of the social fund mentioned above , including lines of credits for small business loans to mitigate the damage to businesses and of employment losses created by policy reform and restructuring.
The government should act as a facilitator -- a provider of resources -- for support and advisory centers, but not as a direct provider of services. The government is also responsible for creating the physical infrastructure -- roads, power, water, transport links, telecommunications, industrial land, estates and incubators -- and basic skills training and satisfactory education at all levels.
Without these, the private sector cannot flourish. It is important to recognize that the provision of some of the above facilities may be the responsibility of local or regional authorities as well as central government. The decentralization of support services and the encouragement of regional and local initiatives are desirable and usually more cost-effective Tawney, C and Levitsky,J.
A study in Russia observed that existing practices in the areas of registration, inspections, licensing, and certification are very far from the benchmarks established in the new Legislation CEFIR and the World Bank, A lack of family support places small business owners at a serious disadvantage and this is especially destructive for those who have heavy family responsibilities, responsibilities that generally fall on women.
This results in female entrepreneurs working significantly fewer hours than their male counterparts Chay, and the effects of this on business growth can be clearly seen, with women operating smaller businesses than men Loscocco et al, d- Information factors The research showed that access to information to know the market behavior, analysis the demand and supply of products and services are in high priority for small business managers.
Those who have a greater understanding of the industry or market tend to have more favorable perceptions of the value of the opportunities they encounter and their ability to utilize those opportunities Lussier, Robert N.
In order to develop a theoretical framework for this study we focused on some important factors. Based on the review literature, theories of Total quality management, entrepreneurs theories and also our explorative interviews with knowledgeable official staff and entrepreneurs we developed a framework.
In facts, same as Wilken we assume that Individuals pursuing a new business venture go through three stages of entrepreneurship, namely raising idea, start-up activities and finally, activate the business. There are many factors, which influence the formation of a new business venture and its subsequent success or failure.
The initialisation and first year of a new business are critical stages in determining the success or failure of a new business. If they are could make a reasonable compromising , they successfully will continue their business.
Meanwhile in order to survive they are supposed to struggle hard with different external, internal and compromising activities. If they could come over the raised problems they will survive, otherwise they would go bankrupted. Figure 1: Theoretical framework of study The success or failure of a businesses is often dependent on overcoming a series of potential barriers, e. Yet in light of the substantial growth in self-employment, there has been little research into the experiences of successful and failure small businesses and many questions remain unanswered.
To date there has been no systematic study of this group in the Ahvaz, which is one to the industrial and big city in the state of Khozestan in Iran. Goals and Hypothesis of study The preliminary study about the subject revealed that although the entrepreneurs in small industrial business in Ahvaz city are active in relatively similar environment but some of them after a while get bankrupted.
This is the question why some of the entrepreneurs are successful but others are failed in continue their business. For the purposes of this research, small business was defined as independently owned and operated businesses employing fewer than 50 employees. For measuring entrepreneurs successful in business there are a numbers of methods such as:, net profit after tax reduce, amount of tax paid during the last three years, rate of productivity input-output ratio , current assets ratio ratio of current assets to current debt , keep working since three years ago and active in the business, increase products, services and sale, increase business capital.
In this study due to the difficulty of access to all those information and data, we use the last three indicators for measuring the performance of small business. Paper questions and hypothesis 1-To how extent the performance of successful and failure entrepreneurs in small industrial business is related to their managerial skills?
H successful entrepreneurs have better developed human resource indicators than failure entrepreneurs 3- to identify how much the performance of successful and failure entrepreneurs in small industrial business is related to their financial situations? H successful entrepreneurs have more suitable financial situation than failure entrepreneurs 4- to identify how much the performance of successful and failure entrepreneurs in small industrial business is related to their planning and organizational issues?
H successful entrepreneurs have lower effected by informal issues than failure entrepreneurs 7- to identify the barriers encountered by entrepreneurs at the different stages of business Methodology The methodological design of this investigative project was determined by the absence of any previous research into the experiences of small businesses, based in the Ahvaz city and khozestan province, during the initialization, start-up process and getting benefit.
A quantitative and qualitative approach was used to identify the needs of such individuals, the barriers and problems they had encountered, the means by which they had overcome such difficulties, and the sources of support available to them.
Based on the findings of an extensive literature review, in-depth open-ended interview questions were developed and a preliminary investigation was conducted with a random sample of small business in the Ahvaz city The findings of these in-depth open-ended interviews, in conjunction with the literature, were used to design a preliminary questionnaire and interview.
A researcher based questionnaire to guide the data collection process were developed around four areas: 1 personal information of entrepreneurs , 2- employees information sex, age, education and skills level, way of selecting employees, employees training , 3- correct situation of company their customers, assists, facilities, and 4- main factors effected their performances With slight variations, this set of guiding questions served as the basis for developing instruments for interviews.
These guiding questions were pilot tested with a sample of 30, and further feedback was obtained from an advisory group in terms of content and wording. The modified versions for each of the instruments used to conduct interviews with various small businesses. All small businesses are categorized in 19 group based on the International Standard Industrial Classifications of all economic activities for Iran Economy. We have done 14 semi-structured interviews with the entrepreneurs.
General Director of industry and his chancellors in Khozestan state. Direct Observation also conducted to familiarize researchers with the contextual circumstances of the setting. A team of two researchers conducted all site visits. Prior to each interview, participants were informed about the purpose of their participation, the nature of the inquiry, and the intended use of the information.
To stimulate rapport neither between interviewers and interviewees, and to encourage candid sharing of experiences, all participants were assured confidentiality of their input, and no identifiers of particular sites, staff, nor of any of the participants in this study is used in this report. Interviews were tape recorded with the verbal consent of the participants. At this point, personal notes were taken to describe particular characteristics and further complement the information gathered on the site.
After site visits, the visiting team compared notes and exchanged observations on the characteristics of the site and events of the day to begin developing patterns in light of the questions guiding the case study design. Finally 67 questionnaires were collected but some of them were incomplete so that we chose 53 fully completed one.
We put the entire questionnaire into the SPSS program and analyzed them in terms of our hypothesis. Results and discussion In relation to the first three hypotheses the results revealed that among the management skills Human relation skills, Technical skills and Conceptual skills there was a significant relation between successful and failure entrepreneurs.
The results of three related hypothesis are summarized in table 1. As the table 1 shows both successful and failure entrepreneurs were agreed that weakness of technical and conceptual management skills are negatively affected the performance of their business.
To test this hypothesis we aggregate variables such as: education of small business managers, their major field, first job or second job, relation between their education and business activities, previous experience of managers in relation to their business.
Results of t-test for independents groups revealed that there is a significant differences between successful and failure entrepreneurs. Table 2 : results of hypothesis related to general abilities of small business managers entrepreneurs and their company performance Table 3 : Education level of Small Business Managers and their company performance Table 4: Major field of Small Business Managers and their company performance Table 5: results of hypothesis related to jobs of Small Business Managers and their company performance The results of interviews say that entrepreneurs concentrated to the importance of previous experiences and technical skills for running the small business.
Actually, my family were involved with this business since ages ago, therefore I have a good experience of doing this business otherwise I would go bankrupted. But I put myself at risk and paid too much to previous workers to stay for a short time with my business. After a while when I get knowledge of doing business personally I take over the job".
Mark Weaver and Covin, J. In fact, Individuals with business ownership experience believed that the obstacles to launch and continues a business could be overcome as compared to individuals without business ownership experience. Entrepreneurs personal and background characteristics such as education level, their main job, relation of their education with the company activities, previous experiences with the same business, ability to recognize market demand and regulations, consumer behaviors, and knowledgeable of the company costs and benefits are important in their management of the business.
When we consider the education background of small business mansager we recognized that majority of them have not had enough education and training in relation to entreprunership. It seems that three attributes are extremely important in entrepreneurship education: the ability to identify or recognize a market opportunity and the ability to generate a business idea, service or product that seizes that opportunity, the ability to marshal and commit resources to pursue that opportunity while facing the prospect of risk, and the ability to create an operating business organization that implements the opportunity-motivated business idea.
H successful entrepreneurs have better developed human resource indicators than failure entrepreneurs Level of Education among the small business managers and their emploees in case studies was another variables which has been addressed. Although employees training and education indexes are considerable to run a business we realized that there is a significant differences between successful and failure entrepreneurs in Ahvaz industry.
In fact, failure small business managers have less attention to development their personnel skills. Mean of education for successful small business was 3.
Table 6 : results of hypothesis related human resourse development of Small Business Managers and their company performance A large part of being a successful entrepreneur is having the training and know-how to accomplish the venture. This ultimately relates to the overall quality of education that a country can provide for its people.
As table 7 show high percentage of the small business surveyed employed 1 to 5 person. Having a spouse or family member working in the business is fairly common in the small business sector. The survey shows this occurring in nearly 45 per cent. Table 7 : Number of employees of small business in terms of their sex and work situation Employees situation Information : Employees level of education of small business Education.
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